Grammar rules for Tenses competition exams

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Grammar rules for Tenses competition exams

 

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Today we are sharing important notes in Grammar rules for Tenses competition exams this pdf is helpful for all competitive exams like SSC CGL, BANK, SSC CHSL, CGL MTS, BANK, LIC AAO, and many other exams. Grammar rules for Tenses competition exams are very important for any competitive exam and these Grammar rules for Tenses competition exams is very useful for it. ENGLISH Notes will be very helpful for your examination. all previous year questions are available in this pdf

 

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English Notes PDF

Grammar rules Topics

  1. Synonyms
  2. Homonyms
  3. Spotting the Errors
  4. Cloze Test/Cloze Passage
  5. Miscellaneous Exercises (Correct the Sentences)
  6. Heteronyms
  7. Palindromes
  8. Paronyms
  9. Pangrams
  10. Phrase Substitution or Sentence Improvement
  11. Unusual Word Forms
  12. Foreign Words
  13. Group Terms
  14. Choosing Appropriate Words
  15. Some Peculiar Expressions
  16. Animals, Males, Females, Youngs and Group Terms
  17. Collective Names of Animals
  18. Young Ones of Animals
  19. Words Used as Different Parts of Speech
  20. Words Used in the Constitution
  21. Paragraph Writing
  22. Letter Writing
  23. Precis Writing
  24. Report Writing

Rules for Tenses in English Grammar with Examples

Rules of Tenses help one understand how to correctly use the different tenses in a sentence, without making a grammatical mistake and also by easily indicating when an event or action has occurred.

Aspirants who are willing to apply for the various government exams must go through these tenses rules carefully, as the English language is a part of the syllabus for most of these exams.

Tenses can be divided into three parts:

  1. Present
  2. past
  3. Future

Each of the three above mentioned tenses can further be divided into subparts. These subparts include:

  • Simple
  • Continuous
  • Perfect
  • Perfect Continuous

In this article, we shall discuss in detail the tenses rules for the above-mentioned types of verb tenses, followed by examples to explain them clearly.

Rules for Tenses PDF:  download

Present Tense

Present Tense can be defined as an expression for an activity that is currently in action or is habitually performed. It is used for a state that generally exists or is currently ongoing.

  • Simple Present

Simple Present Tense
Singular Plural
Rule: Subject + V1 + s/es + Object Rule: Subject + V1 + Object
Example: The girl sings a song 

Here the subject is Girl (singular) and “s” has been added to the verb (sing), followed by the object (song)

Example: The girls sing a song 

Here the subject is Girls (plural) and no changes have been made with V1 (first form of verb) and the object

  • Present Continuous

Present Continuous Tense
Rule: Subject + is/am/are + V1 + ing + object
Example: She is eating food 

Here the subject is She, followed by “is”

The first form of verb (V1) here is “eat” and “ing” has been added to it, followed by the object “food”

  • Present Perfect 

Present Perfect Tense
Singular Plural
Rule: Subject + has + V3 + Object Rule: Subject + have + V3 + Object
Example: He has cleaned the utensils 

Here, “He” is the subject + has

“Cleaned” is the third form of verb and utensils is the object

Example: They have cleaned the utensils 

Here, “They” is the subject + have

“Cleaned” is the third form of verb and utensils is the object

  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Singular Plural
Rule: Subject + has been + V1 + ing + Object Rule: Subject + have been + V1 + ing + Object
Example: She has been practising since morning 

Here “She” is the subject + has been, followed by “ing” added to the the first form of verb “practise” and then the object

Example: They have been practising since morning 

Here “They” is the subject + have been, followed by “ing” added to the the first form of verb “practise” and then the object

Given below are a few examples that may help you differentiate between the four sub parts of present tense easily:

  1. Raj speaks German (Simple Present for Singular)
  2. They speak German (Simple Present for Plural)
  3. She is speaking German (Present Continuous)
  4. He has learnt German (Present Perfect for Singular)
  5. They have learnt German (Present Perfect for Plural)
  6. She has been learning German (Present Perfect Continuous for Singular)
  7. They have been learning German (Present Perfect Continuous for Plural)

 

Past Tense

Any event or action that took place in the past can be referred to as the past tense. Below we have discussed in detail the four sub parts of past tense in English grammar.

  • Simple Past

Simple Past Tense
Rule: Subject + V2 + Object
For example: He ran away 

Here, the subject is “He” and “ran” is the second form of verb (V2) of “run” followed by the object

  • Past Continuous 

Past Continuous Tense
Singular Plural
Rule: Subject + was + V1 + ing + Object Rule: Subject + were + V1 + ing + Object
For example: She was going shopping 

Here, the subject is “She” + was

It is followed by the first form of verb (V1) “go” + “ing” and then the object “shopping”

For example: They were going shopping 

Here, the subject is “They” + were

Followed by the first form of verb (V1) “go” + “ing” and then the object “shopping”

  • Past Perfect 

Past Perfect Tense
Rule: Subject + had + V3 + Object
For example: Sumit had left the job 

Here the subject is “Sumit” + had

Then “left”, which is the third form of verb (V3) “leave” is given followed by the object

  • Past Perfect Continuous 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Rule: Subject + had been + V1 + ing + Object
For example They had been preparing for their performance for two months 

Here the subject  is “They” + had been

It is followed by “preparing”, which is the first form of verb (V1) of “prepare” and then the object

To help you understand past tense and its form even better, given below are a few examples to simply the concept:

  1. I played football yesterday (Simple Past)
  2. I was playing football yesterday (Past Continuous for Singular)
  3. They were playing football yesterday (Past Continuous for Plural)
  4. They had played football yesterday (Past Perfect)
  5. They had been playing football the entire yesterday (Past Perfect Continuous)

Future Tense

The actions that are to take place in the future fall in the category of the future tense. We have discussed the subparts of the future tense in detail further below in the article, followed by the examples for the same.

  • Simple Future

Simple Future Tense
Rule: Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
For Example: I will visit my Uncle tomorrow 

Here, the subject is “I” + will

It is followed by the first form of verb (V1) “visit” and then the object

  • Future Continuous 

Future Continuous Tense
Rule: Subject + will be/shall be + V1 + ing + Object
For Example: I shall be going to the market tomorrow 

In this example, the subject is “I” + shall be

Following it is the first form of verb (V1) “go”+ing and then the object

  • Future Perfect

Future Perfect Tense
Rule: Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object
For Example: I shall have prepared the notes by tomorrow morning 

In this example, the subject is “I” + shall have

It is followed by “prepared”, which is the third form of Verb (V3) “prepare” and then the object

  • Future Perfect Continuous 

Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Rule: Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object
For Example: She will have been working here since 2015 

Here, the subject is “She” + will have been

It is followed by the first form of verb “work”+ing and then the object

Given below are a few examples that may help you clarify the future tense concept clearly:

  1. She will go to school tomorrow (Simple Future)
  2. She will be going to school tomorrow (Future Continuous)
  3. She will have gone to school tomorrow (Future Perfect)
  4. She will have been going to school tomorrow (Future Perfect Continuous)

Rules for Tenses PDF: Download

 

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