History Notes (Indian National movement In Hindi) PDF

History Notes (Indian National movement In Hindi) PDF 

Today, we are sharing a History Notes (Indian National movement In Hindi) PDF.  This is very useful for the upcoming competitive exams like SSC CGL, BANK, RAILWAYS, RRB NTPC, LIC AAO, and many other exams. History Notes (Indian National movement In Hindi) PDF. This is very useful for the upcoming competitive exams like SSC CGL is very important for any competitive exam and this Art and Culture PDF In Hindi is very useful for it. this FREE PDF will be very helpful for your examination.

 

 

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Topics Include In History Notes (Indian National movement In Hindi) PDF  

 India After Independence

On 28 December 1885 Indian National Congress (INC) was founded in the premises of Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit School at Bombay. It was presided over by W.C Banerjee and attended by 72 delegates. A.O Hume played an instrumental role in the foundation of INC with an aim to provide Safety Valve to the British Government.

A.O Hume served as a first General Secretary of INC.

Real Aim of Congress is to trained the Indian youth in political agitation and to organise or to create public opinion in the country. For this they use the method of annual session where they discuss the problem and passed the resolution.

The first or early phase of Indian Nationalism is also termed as Moderate Phase (1885-1905). Moderate leaders were W.C Banerjee, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, R.C Dutt, Ferozeshah Mehta, George Yule etc.

Moderates have full faith in British Government and adopted PPP path i.e. Protest, Prayer and Petition.

Due to disillusionment from Moderates methods of work, extremism began to develop within the congress after 1892. The Extremist leaders were Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipinchandra Pal and Aurobindo Ghosh. Instead of PPP path they emphasise on self-reliance, constructive work and swadeshi.

With the announcement of Partition of Bengal (1905) by Lord Curzon for administrative convenience, Swadeshi and Boycott resolution was passed in 1905.

Congress Sessions during Swadeshi Movement:

1. 1905 – Congress session in Banaras. Presided over by Gopal Krishan Gokhale.

2. 1906 – Congress Session in Calcutta. Presided over by Dadabhai Naroji.

 

3. 1907 – Congress Session in Surat on the bank of the river Tapti. Presided over by Pherozeshah Mehta where due to the differences between Moderates and Extremist first split in Congress occurred.

Muslim League was founded in 1906 by Agah Khan III and Moshin Mulk.

Separate electorate was introduced by the Act of 1909 Morley- Minto Reform Act.

Gadhar Movement was started by Lala Hardayal in 1913 and founded the Gadhar party on 1st November 1913 at Kotland. Its headquarter was set up in the form of Yugantar Ashram at San Francisco and started the publication of Gadhar Journal.

Komgata Maru incident took place on September 1914 and for this Indians set up a committee named as Shore Committee to fight the legal battle of the passengers.

In 1914 First World War broke out.

Tilak on April 1916 started Home Rule Movement and it’s headquarter was at Poona and demanded Swaraj.

Annie Besant on September 1916 started Home Rule movement and it’s headquarter was at Adiyar near Madras.

Lucknow Session of Congress 1916 presided over by Ambika Charan Majumdar (Moderate leader) where both Extremist and Moderate leaders were united.

Government of India Act 1919 or Montagu- Chelmsford Reform Act was passed to establish a responsible Government in India.

On 9th January 1915 Gandhi ji return to India from South Africa at the age of 46.

In 1916 Gandhi Ji founded Sabarmati Ashram at Ahmadabad (Gujarat) to preach the idea of truth and non-violence.

Champaran Satyagraha – 1917

Kheda Satyagraha – 1917

Ahmadabad Mill Strike – 1918

Rowlatt Act Satyagraha February,1919

Gandhi ji founded the Satyagraha Sabha in February, 1919. In this movement student, middle class, labour and capitalist participated and congress as an organisation was nowhere. This was the first mass movement of Gandhi ji.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre – 13 April, 1919. People were gathered at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar to protest against arrest on Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal on 13 April 1919.

 

On 1st August 1920 Khilafat Committee launched a Non-Cooperation movement on triple issues- Punjab wrongs, Khilafat issue and Demand for Swaraj.

And Many More….

 


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